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Most women who give birth in the United States do so surrounded by a variety of health professionals, including doctors or midwives, nurses and doulas. The combined expertise in the room ensures that if something goes wrong, the best care possible is at hand.
Such is not the case in many developing nations. A recent report from Nigeria estimates that 20 percent of births there take place in “NOP” conditions, meaning No One Present. The birthing mother delivers her own baby, cuts its cord, and tends to herself. Hard to imagine.
Worldwide, more than half of all births in developing nations take place without a doctor, midwife, nurse, or skilled attendant present. Too often, the outcome is tragic: an estimated 287,000 women still die in childbirth every year, in what are...
In the rainy Brisbane summer of 2011, James Powell, a geochemist and National Science Board member, and John Cook, physicist and Climate Communication Fellow at the University of Queensland, began discussing an idea. Cook had been running the website Skeptical Science since 2007 explaining what peer-reviewed science had to say about global warming and, in this way, combatting global warming denial with reason and facts. He had written numerous papers, coauthored books, and won the Eureka Prize in 2011 for the advancement of climate change knowledge. All of this, on a shoestring budget helped by donations through the site.
Yet the public perception of climate change science and scientists worldwide remained muddied.
During his research on the psychology behind climate...