Claire Christian, David Ainley, Can Good Governance Save the Antarctic?, The Solutions Journal, Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 38-45 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/can-good-governance-save-the-antarctic/) Abstract: At the height of the Cold War, in the early 1960s, the Antarctic Treaty was an unexpectedly positive development in international relations. A successful international research program known as the International Geophysical Year, which focused on Arctic and Antarctic research, had just concluded and boasted impressive results. Many of the participating countries wanted to continue and even expand their Antarctic efforts. But first, because several countries had territorial claims to the continent, participants decided to negotiate a treaty ensuring that research could proceed unhindered. The Antarctic Treaty, which was signed in 1959 and enacted in 1961, ensures that the continent will only be used for peaceful scientific purposes. According to Treaty language, “It is in the interest of all mankind that Antarctica shall continue forever to be used exclusively for peaceful purposes and shall not become the scene or object of international discord.” The Treaty left open the … Topics: Conservation; Globalization; Oceans