Any Sulistyowati, Connecting Conservation and Electrification in Indonesia, The Solutions Journal, Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2012, Pages 24-28 ( Abstract: The vast archipelago of Indonesia, with 17,500 islands and almost 250 million people, is the fourth most populous country in the world. But while its economy has undergone rapid expansion in recent years, 33 percent of the country’s citizens still have no access to electricity. Hydropower throughout the country carries tremendous energy potential, and Indonesia has already built several large dams for centralized electricity generation. The cost of linking remote villages to the grid, however, remains prohibitively expensive. The electricity produced by big dams has yet to—and may never—reach the country’s far-flung rural residents. Many of the villages disconnected from the grid instead burn fossil fuels for local, small-scale power generation. Besides the obvious disadvantage that fossil fuels are nonrenewable and adversely affect human health and climate, rural residents also generally pay higher prices for fuel (and electricity) than urban residents. Because many … Topics: Conservation; Energy