Kate Hooper, Diving into Sustainable Marine Protected Area Management in the Philippines, The Solutions Journal, Volume 8, Issue 2, March 2017, (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/diving-sustainable-marine-protected-area-management-philippines/) Abstract: Dubbed a 'global center of marine biodiversity,'1 the waters around the Philippines have some of the highest concentrations of marine species in the world.2–4 However, the country's reefs are under increasing anthropogenic pressures, particularly from coastal development, population growth, and unsustainable fishing practices.5–9 Although the widespread establishment of community-managed marine protected areas (MPAs) have slowed the rates of decline of these ecosystems in many areas, only a small percentage of coral reefs are protected.10,11 The effectiveness of MPA management is also frequently undermined by a lack of funding and government support.12–15 As an increasingly popular destination for foreign scuba divers,16,17 tourist demand for pristine reefs and high biological diversity in marine species can be positively harnessed to support more sustainable and effective MPA management and to enhance equitable distribution of benefits from tourism. By issuing permits for … Topics: Biodiversity; Conservation; Ecosystems; Oceans