Jamila Haider, Frederik van Oudenhoven, Hopeful Harvest: Food and Agriculture as a Foundation for Peace in Northern Afghanistan, The Solutions Journal, Volume 3, Issue 5, September 2012, Pages 18-23 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/hopeful-harvest-food-and-agriculture-as-a-foundation-for-peace-in-northern-afghanistan/) Abstract: Afghanistan is known to the world as a failed state. Who decides what a failed state is, and the extent to which one has failed? Max Weber describes a failed state as one which is unable to maintain a monopoly on the legitimate use of physical force within its borders.1 Noam Chomsky includes in the definition a state which fails to provide security for the population, to guarantee the population’s rights at home or abroad, or to maintain the function of a democratic state.2 The Fund for Peace & Foreign Policy has created an index system that quantifies a dozen aspects of state failure, including: physical control of its territory and erosion of legitimate state authority to make collective decisions, inability to provide reasonable public services, extensive corruption and criminal behavior, inability to collect taxes or otherwise draw on citizen support, and environmental decay.3 Contrast this list to indicators of successful societies, which include measures of education, … Topics: Agriculture & Food; Conflict Resolution