H.S. Udaykumar, A. Kindig, S. Rao, M. Del Viscio, V. Kukillaya, N.L. Panwar, D. Sharma, How a Simple, Inexpensive Device Makes a Three-Stone Hearth as Efficient as an Improved Cookstove, The Solutions Journal, Volume 6, Issue 4, November 2015, Pages 53-60 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/how-a-simple-inexpensive-device-makes-a-three-stone-hearth-as-efficient-as-an-improved-cookstove/) Abstract: Firewood burning is the second most significant cause of deforestation worldwide, behind only livestock production.1 Loss of biodiversity, habitat niches, and carbon stocks caused by deforestation are all major global concerns. The emissions from incomplete combustion of firewood also present a major source of atmospheric pollution and global warming.2,3 In particular, when deposited on the ice in the Arctic through wind currents in the northern hemisphere, soot or black carbon from firewood burning absorbs solar energy, whereas the original ice would have reflected it. This affects the "albedo," or the fraction of solar energy reflected from the Earth back into space, contributing to accelerated warming and further ice loss.4 Firewood smoke has also become a potent human health hazard, contributing to a loss of as many as eight years in lifespan for the women who cook with firewood due to the constant inhalation of particulate matter as well as carcinogens such as … Topics: Climate Change; Community; Energy; Health