Sharon Kingsland, Learning to Value Ecosystem Services, The Solutions Journal, Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2011, Pages 101-106 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/learning-to-value-ecosystem-services/) Abstract: The terms “ecosystem” and “Dust Bowl” coincidentally both entered the English language in 1935. Before then ecologists had focused on the study of plant and animal “communities,” but British ecologist Arthur Tansley thought they were neglecting the surrounding earth, air, and water. He suggested that the word “ecosystem” better captured the connections between the living and nonliving worlds.1 He did not have the Dust Bowl in mind when he did so, but the Dust Bowl, as the worst environmental disaster that modern Americans had ever experienced, is a stunning example of a collapse of natural infrastructure resulting in a loss of ecosystem services. Henry A. Wallace, secretary of agriculture at the time, warned that Americans had a duty to protect the soil to create a foundation for the nation’s future.2 The bad habits of overplowing, overgrazing, and overcutting of timber that brought on the Dust Bowl might be excusable in a young civilization, he declared, but not … Topics: Business; Economy; Ecosystem Services; History