A New HIV Test Offers Better Treatment Options to Millions of People, The Solutions Journal, Volume 8, Issue 3, May 2017, (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/new-hiv-test-offers-better-treatment-options-millions-people/) Abstract: Scientists dealt a new blow to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) by developing a USB stick that can measure if and how much HIV exists in a person's blood in under 30 minutes. The device offers better treatment options to millions of HIV patients, especially those living in rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa. But how? There is no cure for HIV, but antiretroviral treatment is able to reduce virus levels to near zero. This, however, is an ongoing process. Doctors need to be able to keep track of HIV levels in the patient's bloodstream to fine-tune the treatment whenever necessary, requiring frequent testing which traditionally takes 1 to 3 days to show results. This is a challenge, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa where about 24 million people live with HIV. Most of these people live in rural areas, and making long, frequent trips to city centers for testing is not always a possibility. The new test, developed jointly by researchers at Imperial College London and DNA … Topics: Health; Technology