Steffen Loft, Reaping the Health Benefits of Tackling Environmental Change, The Solutions Journal, Volume 7, Issue 3, May 2016, Pages 21-24 ( Abstract: Without action, rapid global environmental change in the 21st century risks undermining, and even reversing, the gains in public health and human development made in the 20th century.1 The world is looking at a rise in average global temperature of 2.6 to 4.8 °C by 2100.2 In the hyper-connected world in which we live, the direct and indirect impacts of such a radical shift would be profound.   The UN World Health Organization (WHO) estimates an additional 250,000 lives could be lost annually because of climate change by the 2040s.3 However, this estimate is likely a very conservative one given that it accounts for only well-understood risks. More likely, a suite of direct and indirect effects such as extreme weather, water scarcity, economic damages, and conflict will result in many more premature deaths.   In June 2015, the Lancet Commission on Health and Climate Change noted that "tackling climate change could be the greatest health opportunity of the 21st … Topics: Agriculture & Food; Climate Change; Energy; Health; Quality of Life; Sustainability; Urbanization