Anton Strokov, Alisher Mirzabaev, Alexey Bryzzhev, Alexey Sonokin, Pavel Krasilnikov, Sergey Kiselev, Replanting Orchards: Is It Worth It? A Case Study from Russia, The Solutions Journal, Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2016, Pages 42-45 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/replanting-orchards-worth-case-study-russia/) Abstract: Land use and cover changes are highly influenced by the food demands of increasing populations the world over. The continual conversion of land for agricultural use has destroyed or degraded many habitats and poses a threat to biological diversity.1,2 Not only are forests being converted into cropland to meet these demands, causing land degradation and the loss of ecosystem services, but so are orchards. Orchards are intentional plantings of perennial fruit, berry, or nut bearing trees and shrubs maintained for food production. This unique land cover is converted to cropland for several reasons: food security, age, high costs, etc.   As a type of land cover, orchards provide numerous direct and indirect ecosystem goods and services, and studies show they often provide more ecosystem services than cropland.3 For example, in a 25-year period, managed orchards produce more carbon, total nitrogen, and available phosphate than corn and soybean systems. Another group of … Topics: Agriculture & Food; Economy; Ecosystem Services; Ecosystems; Sustainability