Harpinder Sandhu, Pushpam Kumar, Resolving trade-offs between food and ecological security in Punjab, India, The Solutions Journal, Volume 11, Issue 3, September 2020, (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/resolving-trade-offs-food-ecological-security-punjab-india/) Abstract: Key Concepts High input farming systems practiced around the world since 1960s have resulted in increase in productivity but have resulted in decline of biodiversity, ecosystem services and natural resources. Ecosystem services concept is appropriate to understand various trade-offs between agriculture and the environment. There is need to resolve these trade-offs so that agriculture can continue to fulfil the growing demand for food. We highlight a case study, where high input-based agriculture was introduced in 1960s to increase food production and achieve food security in Punjab, India. However, over last five decades, this system has negatively impacted natural resources and human health. We demonstrate by developing alternative scenarios that such farming practices can be modified to decrease their impact on natural resources. Increasing population and growing food demand in developing countries require integrated approaches and global efforts to ensure … Topics: