Michael t’ Sas-Rolfes, Rhino Poaching: What is the Solution?, The Solutions Journal, Volume 7, Issue 1, February 2016, Pages 38-45 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/rhino-poaching-what-is-the-solution/) Abstract: Wild populations of the world's five rhino species have been in steady retreat for centuries in the face of expanding human populations that encroach upon their habitat and hunt them for their meat and body parts. Since the 1970s, the greatest threat to rhinos has been the trade in rhino horn, which is sought for both ornamental purposes and as an ingredient in traditional Asian medicines used to treat a range of human ailments linked to toxicity and inflammation. In response to this threat, the world's governments listed all rhino species on Appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES), thereby effectively banning all international trade in rhino horn since 1977.1 The initial market response to the trade ban was a more than ten-fold increase in the price of rhino horn in the following two years.2 Poaching continued unabated—if anything, it became more aggressive. Over the next 15 years, the world's governments stepped up enforcement … Topics: Biodiversity; Conservation; Globalization; Governance