Katherine Short, Scaling Up Seafood Sustainability: An Illustrated Journey, The Solutions Journal, Volume 6, Issue 2, March 2015, Pages 42-54 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/scaling-up-seafood-sustainability-an-illustrated-journey/) Abstract: Oceans cover almost three-quarters of the planet, hold 97 percent of its water, produce more than half of the oxygen in the atmosphere, and absorb the most carbon. We evolved from the oceans and they are crucial for life on planet earth. The marine environment is also where we work, trade, recreate, and obtain food. About 40 percent of humanity lives within 100 kilometers of the coast and ocean-based businesses—from fisheries to tourism to energy generation and shipping—contribute more than US$500 billion to the global economy. With increasing pressures and the degradation of many parts of the marine environment, including reduced fish and other species' populations, there is a growing awareness that more holistic approaches are needed to manage our impacts on the marine realm.1 Since the famous, tumultuous, and catastrophic crash of the Newfoundland cod fishery and its eventual closure in 1992, much progress has been made in developing and applying economic … Topics: Ecosystems; Fisheries; Oceans