Jennifer Jacquet, Ian Boyd, James T. Carlton, Helen E. Fox, Ayana Elizabeth Johnson, Laurence Mee, Joe Roman, Mark Spalding, William Sutherland, Scanning the Oceans for Solutions, The Solutions Journal, Volume 2, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 46-55 ( Abstract: The diagnosis for the planet is clear. While a great many problems require more research, the focus of future research should expand dramatically to maintain and restore biodiversity rather than focus on, as coral reef biologist Nancy Knowlton has said, “further refining the obituary of nature.” Part of conserving biological diversity is identifying treatments. Scanning for solutions to environmental problems can give us a sense of the quantity and quality of solutions and the conservation priorities for a given set of problems as well as provide the groundwork for assessing each solution’s effectiveness. To test the practicality and usefulness of solution scanning, we selected three main threats to the marine environment,1–4 where humans have overfished the majority of large fish,5 spread invasive species into almost every marine ecoregion,6 and created oceanic dead zones—where only a few species, such as microbes and jellyfish, survive due to high levels of … Topics: Biodiversity; Conservation; Environment; Oceans