Dolly Jørgensen, Sinking Prospect: Oil Rigs and Greenpeace in the North Sea, The Solutions Journal, Volume 4, Issue 4, August 2013, Pages 69-74 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/sinking-prospect-oil-rigs-and-greenpeace-in-the-north-sea/) Abstract: In March 1995, after several years of study, the oil company Esso proposed to the Norwegian government that they be allowed to sink the steel understructure of an offshore platform named Odin after its petroleum production days were over. This pilot project offered the possibility to determine the viability of turning offshore oil structures into artificial reefs in the North Sea, an idea called rigs-to-reefs. Esso’s plan might have been approved, but before it could be considered in Parliament, something happened off the coast of Britain that changed everything. In a high-profile protest, a group of Greenpeace activists occupied a decommissioned oil platform that Shell was planning to scuttle at sea. It proved a success for Greenpeace, but constituted a significant setback for rigs-to-reefs efforts in the North Sea. As part of their campaign, Greenpeace and other environmentalists conflated the potentially benign or even useful creation of artificial reefs from obsolete … Topics: Conservation; Energy; History; Oceans