Marcus C. Oxley, Supporting Community Resilience in Armed Conflict and Protracted Violence – Putting Dignity Back into Humanitarian Assistance, The Solutions Journal, Volume 9, Issue 4, October 2018, ( Abstract:   1. Introduction The number of armed conflicts is on the rise, with the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region being particularly affected. According to World Bank President “By 2030, half of the world’s extreme poor will live in fragile and conflict-affected countries”. In these challenging environments, the humanitarian needs of affected populations far exceed the capabilities of national and international agencies to meet these needs. Like those residents trapped in the cities of Iraq, Syria and Yemen, people have little choice but to draw on the innate resilience of the local neighbourhood and communities for their immediate survival. In these life and death situations, resilience is used to describe the ability of people and their communities to survive and sustain essential life-support functions when subjected to extreme violence. In an uncertain world, where everything is interconnected and deemed important, observing how people cope with extreme … Topics: Conflict Resolution; Violence