Sergio Finardi, Brian Wood, Peter Danssaert, Ken Matthysen, The Arms Trade Treaty: Building a Path to Disarmament, The Solutions Journal, Volume 4, Issue 2, March 2013, Pages 48-55 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/the-arms-trade-treaty-building-a-path-to-disarmament/) Abstract: The absence of a global regime to control international trade in conventional arms persists despite the fact that in the 22 years between 1989 and 2010, the world witnessed the outbreak or continuation of 131 international armed conflicts,1-3 involving the forces of 112 countries and 217 political opposition groups. An additional 392 armed intrastate conflicts between political groups took place in the same period across 55 countries.4 In these 22 years, 1.1 million battle-related deaths mounted for the international conflicts, and almost 140,000 for the intrastate conflicts. Government forces of 74 countries perpetrated one-sided violence5 against civilians, resulting in 1.2 million fatalities. This estimate excludes millions more gun killings and injuries inflicted on civilians. It is estimated that 42 percent of global homicides6 are actually committed by individuals and criminal gangs using firearms, according to the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). This is based on … Topics: Conflict Resolution; Security