Kent Hughes Butts, Sherri Goodman, Nancy Nugent, The Concept of Environmental Security, The Solutions Journal, Volume 3, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 55-56 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/the-concept-of-environmental-security-2/) Abstract: Environmental security has taken on new meaning in the twenty-first century as sustainability and natural resource protection have become essential elements of national security and foreign policy. In the early post–Cold War era, the national security community viewed environmental security as related to contamination caused by former Soviet military activities, or as the threats to human and economic health posed by improperly maintained nuclear weapons and industrial pollution. Throughout much of the 1990s, the focus was on how to phase out the use of ozone-depleting substances and how to address cross-border contamination issues ranging from air pollution to wastewater. When first included in the U.S. National Security Strategy, environmental issues centered on conflicts over access to, or control of, natural resources—conflicts that compromised U.S. national security interests. The focus then was on regional cooperation between countries to prevent transnational … Topics: Climate Change; Conflict Resolution; Globalization