Brad Masi, Janet Fiskio, Rumi Shammin, Urban Agriculture in Rust Belt Cities, The Solutions Journal, Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2014, Pages 44-53 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/urban-agriculture-in-rust-belt-cities/) Abstract: From backyard homesteading and community gardening to market farming, urban communities across the United States have witnessed a recent surge of agricultural activity that contributes to more dynamic cities where cohesive neighborhoods, innovative entrepreneurship, and a healthy environment can coexist. Rust belt cities like Cleveland, Detroit, Youngstown, and Milwaukee share a history of deindustrialization that led to job loss and economic decline. Additionally, freeway construction and exclusionary zoning policies attracted higher-income residents to the suburbs. Depopulation and poverty concentration in urban cores led grocery stores to close, creating zones described as “food deserts”-- areas without full-service grocers that tend to be dominated by fast food restaurants, corner stores, and gas stations.1 Lack of access to fresh, affordable, culturally appropriate foods creates increased risk for obesity, diabetes, malnutrition, and heart disease -- risks borne … Topics: Agriculture & Food; Communication; Community; Economy; Education