Nives Dolšak, Aseem Prakash, We Feel Your Pain: Environmentalists, Coal Miners, and “Embedded Environmentalism”, The Solutions Journal, Volume 7, Issue 1, February 2016, Pages 32-37 (https://www.thesolutionsjournal.com/article/we-feel-your-pain-environmentalists-coal-miners-and-embedded-environmentalism/) Abstract: Why are some policies enacted quickly, while others are delayed or never enacted at all? One might argue that if the aggregate benefits of a policy exceed aggregate costs, the policy will be put into place. Yet, as political scientists note, policy enactment depends not necessarily on its aggregate benefits and costs, but also on how these benefits and costs are distributed across different sectors or industries. This is a critical insight in understanding why policies like those for climate change mitigation are stalling in the United States and show varying progress across the world.1 Those hurt by mitigation policies have incentives to organize and protest against them, especially if they believe that they have been unfairly and disproportionately targeted. This includes those who work in fossil fuel industries, like mining. As Cecil Roberts, the President of United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) notes, his union "does not dispute the science regarding climate change. Our … Topics: Communication; Community; Conservation; Economy; Quality of Life