Biography

Joshua is an ecological economist, Professor in Community Development & Applied Economics, Fellow at the Gund Institute for Ecological Economics at UVM, and Special Visiting Researcher at the Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina. His broad research interests focus on the design of economic institutions capable of balancing what is biophysically possible with what is socially, psychologically, and ethically desirable. Specific projects currently focus on agroecology, farmer livelihoods, and ecosystem services in Brazil’s Atlantic Forest; redesigning finance and monetary systems for a just and sustainable economy; and, the just distribution of wealth and resources.

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Ecological crises ranging from climate change to biodiversity loss arise when self-interest outweighs the common good; for example, people aware of the catastrophic social costs of carbon emissions drive anyway because it is personally convenient. Markets, in theory, channel self-interested, competitive behavior towards the common good, …

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Conscious that unsustainable patterns of production and consumption can impede sustainable development, and recognizing the need for a more inclusive, equitable and balanced approach to economic growth that promotes sustainable development, poverty eradication, happiness and well-being of all peoples. −United Nations General Assembly, …

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Ecosystem services are conventionally defined as the human benefits provided by natural ecosystems and include the capacity of those systems to reproduce or replenish themselves. It is useful, however, to distinguish between two types of flows from nature that benefit humans: ecosystem services and throughput.1,2 Ecosystems generate services …

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Here are three reasons why an atmospheric trust should use a significant fraction of the revenues (net of administrative costs) for purposes related directly to “enhancing the asset” rather than pay out as current dividends: 1. What are “dividends” in this case? Dividends imply the net proceeds produced by the capital after subtracting all …

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