Dr. Seth Baum is Executive Director of the Global Catastrophic Risk Institute, a nonprofit think tank that Baum co-founded in 2011. He is also an Affiliate Scholar at the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies and a columnist for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. His research focuses on risk and policy analysis of catastrophes that could cause major permanent harm to human civilization, such as global warming, nuclear war, and future artificial intelligence technologies. Baum received a Ph.D. in Geography from Pennsylvania State University, an M.S. in Electrical Engineering from Northeastern University, and B.S. degrees in Optics and Applied Mathematics from the University of Rochester. He also completed a post-doctoral fellowship with the Columbia University Center for Research on Environmental Decisions and was a fellow of the Emerging Leaders in Biosecurity Initiative hosted by the UPMC Center for Health Security. (

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Despite technical advancements and an abundance of food globally, food security is a major ongoing challenge. Eight hundred seventy million people do not have enough to eat and undernutrition contributes to the premature deaths of over six million children annually.1 Land degradation, fresh water scarcity, overfishing, and global warming all …

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